According to the Global Burden of Disease 2016 study, spine pain is the most common cause of disability for people between the ages of 25-64.
Cervical facet joints are responsible for the ability to bend, twist, and rotate the neck. When there is acute or chronic pain referring from the neck to the shoulder, head, and parascapular regions, the cervical facet joints maybe the culprit.
Cervical facet joints are proposed as the primary source of pain in 25-67% of patients with chronic neck pain. The C2-C3 and C5-C6 joints are the most common cervical facet joints clinically implicated in neck pain.
Interestingly however, C2-C3, C3-C4, and C4-C5 joints are the most likely to display findings of degeneration on diagnostic imaging such as X-ray, MRI, or CT.